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Childs Nerv Syst. 2015 Apr;31(4):551-6. doi: 10.1007/s00381-015-2638-1. Epub 2015 Feb 18.

Schizencephaly-diagnostics and clinical dilemmas.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Polish-American Institute of Pediatrics/Jagiellonian University, 265 Wielicka St., 30-663, Kraków, Poland, agatahalabuda@gazeta.pl.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Schizencephaly is an uncommon congenital disorder of cerebral cortical development. The defect is characterized by the presence of a cleft in the brain extending from the surface of the pia mater to the cerebral ventricles. The margins of the cleft are lined with heterotropic, dysplastic gray matter. The causes of schizencephaly are heterogeneous and can include teratogens, prenatal infection, maternal trauma, or EMX2 mutations.

METHOD:

In the present paper, the authors described difficulties in employing diagnostic imaging in differentiating between type II (open-lip) schizencephaly and much more common intracranial fluid spaces of a different origin (arachnoid cysts and hydrocephalus).

RESULT:

In all the three cases, the treatment consisted in implantation of a shunt system; nevertheless, it should be emphasized that a surgical intervention in the third presented case (type II schizencephaly) aimed at relieving the symptoms of intracranial hypertension-a directly life-threatening condition-since shunting is not a method of treating schizencephaly itself.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although proper interpretation of the character of intracranial fluid spaces is of significance for further therapeutic management, yet, the key decision as to the surgical intervention is made based on clinical presentation, predominantly on symptoms of intracranial hypertension.

PMID:
25690450
PMCID:
PMC4359713
DOI:
10.1007/s00381-015-2638-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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