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Pharm Res. 2015 Aug;32(8):2678-89. doi: 10.1007/s11095-015-1652-z. Epub 2015 Feb 19.

Microneedle-Mediated Delivery of Copper Peptide Through Skin.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacy, National University of Singapore, 18 Science Drive 4, Singapore, Singapore, 117543.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Copper peptide (GHK-Cu) plays an important role in skin regeneration and wound healing. However, its skin absorption remains challenging due to its hydrophilicity. Here we use polymeric microneedle array to pre-treat skin to enhance GHK-Cu skin penetration.

METHODS:

Two in vitro skin models were used to assess the capability of microneedles in facilitating skin delivery of GHK-Cu. Histological assay and confocal laser scanning microscopy were performed to characterize and quantify the microconduits created by the microneedles inside skin. Cellular and porcine models were used to evaluate the safety of microneedle-assisted copper peptide delivery.

RESULTS:

The depth and percentage of microneedle penetration were correlated with application forces, which in turn influenced the extent of enhancement in the skin permeability of GHK-Cu. In 9 h, 134 ± 12 nanomoles of peptide and 705 ± 84 nanomoles of copper permeated though the microneedle treated human skin, while almost no peptide or copper permeated through intact human skin. No obvious signs of skin irritation were observed with the use of GHK-Cu after microneedle pretreatment.

CONCLUSIONS:

It is effective and safe to enhance the skin permeation of GHK-Cu by using microneedles. This approach may be useful to deliver similar peptides or minerals through skin.

PMID:
25690343
DOI:
10.1007/s11095-015-1652-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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