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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2015 Feb;362(4). doi: 10.1093/femsle/fnu055. Epub 2014 Dec 11.

The draft genome sequence of Xanthomonas species strain Nyagatare, isolated from diseased bean in Rwanda.

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International Center for Tropical Agriculture, P.O. Box 6247, Kampala, Uganda.
Rwanda Agriculture Board, P.O. Box 5016, Kigali, Rwanda.
FAO Sub-regional Office for Eastern Africa, P.O. Box 5536, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) P.O. Box 823-00621, Nairobi, Kenya.
International Development, The Food and Environment Research Agency, Sand Hutton, York, YO41 1LZ, UK.
Biosciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QD, Devon, UK.
Biosciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QD, Devon, UK


We announce the genome sequence for Xanthomonas species strain Nyagatare, isolated from beans showing unusual disease symptoms in Rwanda. This strain represents the first sequenced genome belonging to an as-yet undescribed Xanthomonas species known as species-level clade 1. It has at least 100 kb of genomic sequence that shows little or no sequence similarity to other xanthomonads, including a unique lipopolysaccharide synthesis gene cluster. At least one genomic region appears to have been acquired from relatives of Agrobacterium or Rhizobium species. The genome encodes homologues of only three known type-three secretion system effectors: AvrBs2, XopF1 and AvrXv4. Availability of the genome sequence will facilitate development of molecular tools for detection and diagnostics for this newly discovered pathogen of beans and facilitate epidemiological investigations of a potential causal link between this pathogen and the disease outbreak.


Rwanda; Xanthomonas; bacterial canker; common beans

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