Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Anesthesiology. 1989 Jul;71(1):75-9.

Dexmedetomidine produces a hypnotic-anesthetic action in rats via activation of central alpha-2 adrenoceptors.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, Sun Yat-Sen University of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Dexmedetomidine, a highly selective and potent alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonist, reduces halothane anesthetic requirements by over 90% in rats. The present study examined whether dexmedetomidine produces a hypnotic-anesthetic action in rats. Dexmedetomidine induced a hypnotic-anesthetic state in rats characterized by loss of righting reflex at doses greater than or equal to 0.1 mg/kg. This response was dose-dependent between 0.1 and 3 mg/kg. Alpha-2 adrenoceptor antagonists that cross the blood-brain barrier (antipamezole and idazoxan) decreased the hypnotic-anesthetic action of dexmedetomidine in a dose-dependent fashion. In contrast, the alpha-2 antagonist, L-659,066, which does not penetrate into the CNS did not affect dexmedetomidine-induced hypnosis. Antagonists for the other adrenoceptors not only failed to reduce the hypnotic-anesthetic action of dexmedetomidine but in some cases even potentiated this effect. Thus, prazosin, an alpha-1 adrenoceptor antagonist, significantly enhanced the hypnotic-anesthetic property of dexmedetomidine. Antagonists with beta-2 receptor blocking properties also enhanced dexmedetomidine-induced hypnosis. Selective beta-1 receptor antagonists did not affect the hypnotic action of dexmedetomidine. These results suggest that dexmedetomidine produces a hypnotic-anesthetic action in rats via activation of central alpha-2 adrenoceptors.

PMID:
2568769
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
    Loading ...
    Support Center