Send to

Choose Destination
J Antimicrob Chemother. 2015;70(6):1639-49. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkv017. Epub 2015 Feb 16.

CTX-M-27- and CTX-M-14-producing, ciprofloxacin-resistant Escherichia coli of the H30 subclonal group within ST131 drive a Japanese regional ESBL epidemic.

Author information

Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan
Veterans Affairs Medical Center and University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.



The global increase in ESBL-producing Escherichia coli is associated with the ST131 clonal group, especially its CTX-M-15-producing H30Rx subset. To understand the rapid spread of ESBL-producing E. coli in Japan, we investigated the molecular epidemiology and ESBL-associated genetic environments of Japanese ST131 isolates.


Between 2001 and 2012, 1079 ESBL-producing E. coli isolates were collected at 10 Japanese acute-care hospitals. ESBL types, ST131 status, fimH allele, H30Rx-defining sequences and ESBL-associated genetic environments were defined using PCR and sequencing. Subclonal groups were defined based on fimH allele and H30Rx status.


Overall, 461 (43%) of the 1079 ESBL-producing E. coli isolates represented ST131. According to fimH-based subclonal typing, the ST131 isolates included 398 fimH allele 30 (H30) isolates, 49 H41 isolates, 10 H22 isolates and 4 other fimH-type isolates. The 398 H30 isolates included 396 ciprofloxacin-resistant H30R isolates, of which 64 (16%) represented the H30Rx subset. Between 2001 and 2007, the CTX-M-14-producing H30R subgroup predominated, accounting for 46% of ST131 isolates, whereas the CTX-M-27-producing H30R and CTX-M-15-producing H30Rx subgroups were rarely detected. In contrast, from 2008 onward the latter two subgroups rose to dominance, accounting for 45% and 24% of ST131 isolates, respectively, versus only 15% for the (formerly dominant) CTX-M-14-producing H30R subgroup. The emergent CTX-M-27-H30R subgroup frequently had an IS26-ΔISEcp1-blaCTX-M-27-ΔIS903D-IS26-like structure, whereas the older CTX-M-14-H30R subgroup frequently had an ISEcp1-blaCTX-M-14-IS903D-like structure.


This Japanese regional ESBL-producing E. coli epidemic is closely associated with newly identified CTX-M-27- and CTX-M-14-producing ST131 H30R subclonal groups and with mobile elements IS26, ISEcp1 and IS903D.


CTX-M; E. coli; ESBLs; MLST; clonal genotypes

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center