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Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2015 Mar;17(3):490. doi: 10.1007/s11883-015-0490-0.

The role of testosterone therapy in cardiovascular mortality: culprit or innocent bystander?

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Division of Cardiology, New York University School of Medicine, 530 First Avenue, Suite 4F, New York, NY, 10016, USA,


Testosterone therapy is recommended for men with symptomatic androgen deficiency and unequivocally low testosterone levels. Although the prevalence of hypogonadism seems relatively constant, studies of prescribing patterns in both the United States and the United Kingdom show a dramatic increase in testosterone prescription in recent years, possibly due to increased marketing and inappropriate therapy. Concurrent with this, there has been growing concern regarding the potential adverse effects of testosterone therapy, particularly its cardiovascular risks. In this review, we present our current understanding of the implications of testosterone deficiency, as well as the conflicting evidence surrounding the cardiovascular effects of testosterone replacement therapy. Although there is a lack of adequate data, based on the current evidence, we conclude that testosterone therapy can be safely considered in men with appropriately diagnosed clinical androgen deficiency and increased cardiovascular risk after a thorough discussion of potential risks and with guideline recommended safety monitoring.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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