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Pediatr Dent. 2015 Jan-Feb;37(1):59-64.

Correlating parenting styles with child behavior and caries.

Author information

1
Pediatric dentist in private practice, Dakota Dunes, S.D., USA. jeffreyhowenstein@gmail.com.
2
Nationwide Children's Hospital, The Ohio State University, USA.
3
Nationwide Children's Hospital, Division of Pediatric Dentistry and Oral Health, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
4
Nationwide Children's Hospital, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
5
Section of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
6
Biostats Core, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study evaluated the relationship between parenting style, sociodemographic data, caries status, and child's behavior during the first dental visit.

METHODS:

Parents/legal guardians of new patients aged three to six years presenting to Nationwide Children's Hospital dental clinic for an initial examination/hygiene appointment completed the Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ) to assess parenting style and a 15-question demographic survey. Blinded and calibrated expanded function dental auxiliaries or dental hygienists (EFDA/DH) performed a prophylaxis and assessed child behavior using the Frankl scale (inter-rater reliability was 92 percent). A blinded and calibrated dentist performed an oral examination.

RESULTS:

132 parent/child dyads participated. Children with authoritative parents exhibited more positive behavior (P<.001) and less caries (P<.001) compared to children with authoritarian and permissive parents. Children attending daycare exhibited more positive behavior compared to children who did not (P<.001). Patients with private dental insurance exhibited more positive behavior (P>.04) and less caries (P>.024) compared to children with Medicaid or no dental insurance.

CONCLUSIONS:

Authoritative parenting and having private dental insurance were associated with less caries and better behavior during the first dental visit. Attending daycare was associated with better behavior during the first dental visit.

PMID:
25685975
PMCID:
PMC4559268
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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