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J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. 2015 Feb;76(1):80-6. doi: 10.1055/s-0034-1390398. Epub 2014 Sep 29.

The Pterional Port in Dual-Port Endoscopy: A 2D and 3D Cadaveric Study.

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Department of Neurological Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical College, Cornell University, New York, United States ; Department of Neurosurgery, University of São Paulo Medical School (FMUSP), São Paulo, Brazil.
Department of Neurological Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical College, Cornell University, New York, United States.


Objective We propose a novel dual-port endonasal and pterional endoscopic approach targeting midline lesions of the anterior cranial fossa with lateral extension beyond the optic nerve. Methods Ten dual-port approaches were performed on five cadaveric heads. All specimens underwent an endoscopic transtuberculum/transplanum approach followed by placement of a pterional port. The endonasal port was combined with an endoscopic extradural pterional keyhole craniectomy. The pterional port was placed at the intersection of the sphenoparietal and coronal sutures. The extradural space was explored using two-dimensional and three-dimensional endoscopes. Results The superolateral access provided by the pterional port may improve the ability to achieve a gross total resection of tumors with lateral extensions. The complete opening of the optic canal achieved through the dual-port approach may enable resection of the intracanalicular portion of a tumor, a crucial step in improvement of visual function and reduction of tumor recurrence. Conclusion The pterional port may enhance control of midline anterior skull base lesions with lateral extension beyond the optic nerve and optic canal. Dual-port endoscopy maintains minimally invasiveness and dramatically increases the working limits and control of anatomical structures well beyond what is attainable through single-port neuroendoscopy.


3D; cadaver; dual port; endonasal; endoscopy; pterional

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