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Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2016 Sep;24(9):2874-7. doi: 10.1007/s00167-015-3537-4. Epub 2015 Feb 15.

Measurement of the knee flexion angle with smartphone applications: Which technology is better?

Author information

1
Center for Orthopedic and Hand Surgery (CCOM), University Hospital Strasbourg, 10 Avenue Baumann, 67400, Illkirch, France. jean-yves.jenny@chru-strasbourg.fr.
2
Center for Orthopedic and Hand Surgery (CCOM), University Hospital Strasbourg, 10 Avenue Baumann, 67400, Illkirch, France.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The range of motion of the knee is a critical element of clinical assessment. The tested hypothesis was that the measurement of the knee flexion angle measured with two specific smartphone applications using either inclinometer or camera technology was different from the reference measurement with a navigation system designed for total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

METHODS:

Ten consecutive patients were selected for navigation-assisted TKA. Five navigated, five inclinometer and five camera measurements of knee flexion angle were obtained for each patient throughout the complete range of motion. The difference, the correlation and the coherence between all measurements and all paired sub-groups were analysed.

RESULTS:

There was a strong correlation and a good coherence between the three techniques of measurements, but the knee flexion angle reported by the inclinometer differed substantially from the camera- and navigation-based measurements. The camera-based measurement was clinically identical to the navigated data, with a mean difference of <1° and only 1/50 difference >3°.

CONCLUSION:

Camera-based smartphone measurement of the knee range of motion is fit for purpose in a routine clinical setting. The accuracy may be higher than other conventional measurement techniques, allowing a more precise rating of the clinical outcomes after TKA.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

II.

KEYWORDS:

Knee; Measurement; Navigation; Range of motion; Smartphone

PMID:
25682165
DOI:
10.1007/s00167-015-3537-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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