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Hum Pathol. 2015 Apr;46(4):593-9. doi: 10.1016/j.humpath.2015.01.002. Epub 2015 Jan 14.

CD43 expression in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified: CD43 is a marker of adverse prognosis.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China.
2
Division of Clinical Epidemiology, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China.
3
Department of Pathology, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China. Electronic address: wyppath@163.com.

Abstract

CD43 (leukosialin) is a transmembrane glycoprotein expressed in a variety of hematopoietic cells, including B lymphocytes, and a variety of malignancies including lymphoma, leukemia, and solid tumors. CD43 plays an important role in the development of many diseases, and coexpression of CD43 and CD20 on peripheral B cells is a predictive factor of hematopoietic malignancy. Although CD43 is expressed in approximately 25% of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs), its prognostic significance remains unclear. To analyze CD43 expression in DLBCL, not otherwise specified (DLBCL, NOS), and assess its prognostic value, we analyzed clinical data from 160 patients with DLBCL, NOS. We observed that CD43 expression was detected in 47 (29.4%) of 160 cases. CD43 expression was positively correlated with old age (>60 years), high serum lactate dehydrogenase level, B symptoms, non-germinal center type, and DLBCL, NOS, mortality. Patients with CD43-positive DLBCL, NOS, had poorer overall survival (P < .001, log-rank test) and event-free survival (P < .001, log-rank test) than CD43-negative patients. Univariate analysis showed that CD43 expression, age, sex, Ann Arbor stage, International Prognostic Index category, and germinal center phenotype were prognostic factors for DLBCL, NOS, patient survival. Multivariate analysis showed that CD43 expression was an independent significant prognostic factor for event-free survival (P < .001) and overall survival (P < .001). Based on these data, we conclude that CD43 expression is a novel adverse prognostic factor for patients with DLBCL, NOS.

KEYWORDS:

CD43; Large B cell; Non-Hodgkin lymphoma; Pathology; Prognosis

PMID:
25682152
DOI:
10.1016/j.humpath.2015.01.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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