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Cell Biochem Biophys. 2015 Jul;72(3):851-5. doi: 10.1007/s12013-015-0550-7.

The Inflammatory Heart Diseases: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments.

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Graduate School, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, 210023, Jiangsu, China.
Department of Cardiology, Xuzhou Central Hospital, Affiliated Xuzhou Hospital, Medical School of Southeast University, Xuzhou Clinical Medical College of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, 199# South Jiefang Road, Xuzhou, 221009, Jiangsu, China.


The inflammation of the heart muscles, such as myocarditis, the membrane sac which surrounds the heart called as pericarditis, and the inner lining of the heart or the myocardium, heart muscle as endocarditis are known as the inflammatory heart diseases. Inflammation of heart is caused by known infectious agents, viruses, bacteria, fungi or parasites, and by toxic materials from the environment, water, food, air, toxic gases, smoke, and pollution, or by an unknown origin. Myocarditis is induced by infection of heart muscle by virus like sarcoidosis and immune diseases. The symptoms include chest pain, angina, pain in heart muscle, and shortness of breath, edema, swelling of feet or ankles, and fatigue. The ECG, X-ray, and MRI can diagnose the disease; blood test and rise in enzymes levels provide abnormality in heart function. The treatment includes use of antibiotics for inflammation of heart muscle and medications. The ultrasound imaging indicates further damage to the heart muscle. In severe cases of infection heart failure can occur so long-term medications are necessary to control inflammation. The various biomarkers are reported for the inflammatory heart diseases. The causes, symptoms and treatments of inflammatory heart diseases are described.


Imaging; Infectious agents; Inflammatory heart diseases

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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