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Gastrointest Endosc. 2015;81(6):1346-54. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2014.10.041. Epub 2015 Feb 10.

Diagnostic value of probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy and high-definition virtual chromoendoscopy in early esophageal squamous neoplasia.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, Translational Gastroenterology Laboratory, Shandong University Qilu Hospital, Jinan, Shandong, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Detection and differentiation of esophageal squamous neoplasia (ESN) are of value in improving patient outcomes. Probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) can serve in targeted biopsies in the diagnosis of GI neoplasia. However, its performance in ESN has not yet been reported.

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the diagnostic value of pCLE for early ESN screened by high-definition virtual chromoendoscopy (I-Scan) and verified by Lugol chromoendoscopy and histopathology.

DESIGN:

Prospective and noninferiority trial.

SETTING:

Single center in China.

PATIENTS:

Patients were enrolled who (1) previously had histologically verified early ESN or (2) were about to undergo screening endoscopy and were 50 to 80 years of age between February 2013 and February 2014.

INTERVENTIONS:

The esophagus was investigated sequentially by white-light endoscopy, I-Scan, then pCLE and iodine chromoendoscopy. The results were interpreted and compared with histopathologic results.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:

Diagnostic characteristics of pCLE and I-Scan.

RESULTS:

In total, 356 patients were enrolled. In all, 42 patients were histologically proven to have 47 neoplasias. The diagnostic value of pCLE for ESN during ongoing endoscopy has a sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 94.6%, 90.7%, and 92.3%, respectively. The interobserver and intraobserver agreement was good and excellent, with κ values of 0.699 and 0.895, respectively. The detection rate by using I-Scan and Lugol chromoendoscopy was 10.4% and 12.9%, respectively (P<.01 for noninferiority).

LIMITATIONS:

Single center.

CONCLUSIONS:

pCLE shows promise in diagnosing and differentiating ESN in vivo. The screening performance of I-Scan in the detection of ESN is noninferior to that of iodine chromoendoscopy.

PMID:
25680899
DOI:
10.1016/j.gie.2014.10.041
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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