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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2015 Jan-Feb;53(1):20-8.

[Depression, anxiety and suicide risk symptoms among medical residents over an academic year].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Departamento de Psiquiatría y Psicología, División de Educación en Salud, División de Epidemiología Hospitalaria, Hospital de Especialidades, Centro Médico Nacional La Raza, Instituto, Mexicano del Seguro Social, Distrito Federal, México. jimenezpsi@hotmail.com.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

BACKGROUND:

One of the causes of dissatisfaction among residents is related to burnout syndrome, stress and depression. The aim of this study is to describe the prevalence of depression, anxiety and suicide risk symptoms and its correlation with mental disorders among medical residents over an academic year.

METHODS:

108 medical residents registered to second year of medical residence answered the Beck Depression Inventory, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Suicide Risk Scale of Plutchik: at the entry, six months later and at the end of the academic year.

RESULTS:

Residents reported low depressive symptoms (3.7 %), low anxiety symptoms (38 %) and 1.9 % of suicide risk at the beginning of the academic year, which increased in second measurement to 22.2 % for depression, 56.5 % for anxiety and 7.4 % for suicide risk. The statistical analysis showed significant differences between the three measurements (p < 0.001). The prevalence of depressive disorder was 4.6 % and no anxiety disorder was diagnosed. Almost all of the residents with depressive disorder had personal history of depression. None reported the work or academic environment as a trigger of the disorder. There was no association by specialty, sex or civil status.

CONCLUSIONS:

The residents that are susceptible to depression must be detected in order to receive timely attention if they develop depressive disorder.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; Depression; Residency, Medical; Suicide

PMID:
25680640
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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