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Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Nov;46(5):611-5. doi: 10.1002/uog.14821.

Prospective multicenter study of ultrasound-based measurements of fetal head station and position throughout labor.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA.
3
Department of Obstetrics and Fetal Medicine, Université Paris Descartes, Hôpital Necker-Enfants-Malade, Paris, France.
4
Service de Gynécologie Obstétrique, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, APHP, Sorbonne Universités, Paris, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the relationship between fetal head position and head station during labor, as measured using an ultrasound-based system, and the occurrence of occiput posterior (OP) position at delivery.

METHODS:

This was an international prospective observational study including women who delivered between January 2009 and September 2013 in four centers: one in Brooklyn, NY, USA; one in Haifa, Israel; and two in Paris, France. We used an ultrasound-based system (LaborPro) to monitor fetal head station and position non-invasively throughout labor. We collected data on demographics, labor parameters and outcome.

RESULTS:

A total of 595 women were included. In 563 (94.6%) women, fetal head position at delivery was occiput anterior (OA), in 31 (5.2%) it was OP and in one (0.2%) it was occiput transverse. In 89% of pregnancies with intrapartum OP when fetal head station was above -2, the head position turned to OA at delivery; the equivalent figures were 74% and 63% OA at delivery when intrapartum OP was diagnosed at head stations of -2 to < 0, and 0 and below, respectively. Cesarean delivery was performed in 35% of pregnancies with fetal head in OP position at delivery, as opposed to 10% of those with non-OP position at delivery. On retrospective analysis, all deliveries in OP were already in OP at station -2 and below.

CONCLUSIONS:

In this first assessment of fetal head position at delivery according to fetal head position at various station levels, our data show that 100% of OP positions at delivery were already in OP position at station -2 and below. We did not observe rotation from a non-OP to an OP position from station -2 and below. Nearly two-thirds of fetuses in OP at station 0 and below will rotate to an OA position for delivery.

KEYWORDS:

LaborPro; fetal head position; fetal head station; occipitoposterior; ultrasound in labor

PMID:
25678449
DOI:
10.1002/uog.14821
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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