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Biochem Med (Zagreb). 2015;25(1):103-13. doi: 10.11613/BM.2015.013.

Effect of 12-week-long aerobic training programme on body composition, aerobic capacity, complete blood count and blood lipid profile among young women.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology, University of Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland ; Present address: Faculty of Physical Culture and Health Promotion, University of Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland.
2
Faculty of Tourism and Recreation, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland.
3
Faculty of Physical Culture and Health Promotion, University of Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland.
4
Faculty of Tourism and Recreation, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland ; Faculty of Physical Culture and Health Promotion, University of Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Numerous data suggest that aerobic-type exercise improves lipoprotein-lipid profiles, cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition in young women. The aim of this study was to evaluate the biological response to high-low impact aerobic fitness among young women.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Thirty-four young women aged 22 (19-24) years were divided into three groups: underweight (N=10), normal weight (N=12) and overweight (N=12). Aerobic capacity, anthropometry and body composition together with complete blood count and lipid profile were determined before and after completion of a 12-week-long training period.

RESULTS:

The training programme caused a significant decrease in weight (by 4.3 kg, P=0.003), body mass index (by 1.3 kg/m2, P=0.003), free fat mass (by 2.1 kg, P=0.002), total body water (by 0.4 kg, P=0.036), percentage of fat (by 3 percent points, P=0.002), all analyzed skinfolds thicknesses, as well as the lipid profile in overweight group, and no changes in normal weight group. Significant changes in weight (by 4.2 kg, P=0.005), body mass index (by 0.9 kg/m2, P=0.005), crus skinfold thickness (by 3.3 mm, P=0.028), and in maximum oxygen uptake (by 2.49 mL/kg/min; P=0.047) were observed among underweight women. No change in total blood count was observed in all groups.

CONCLUSION:

Twelve-week-long fitness training programme of two alternating styles (low and high impact) has a beneficial effect on overweight young women.

KEYWORDS:

body composition; overweight; physical fitness; women

PMID:
25672474
PMCID:
PMC4401316
DOI:
10.11613/BM.2015.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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