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Ann Hepatol. 2015 Mar-Apr;14(2):243-50.

Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor prevents the development of hepatic steatosis in rats.

Author information

1
Graduate School of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul, South Korea.
2
Department of Internal Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
3
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

Previously, we reported that granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) improves hepatic steatosis in experimental animals. It may also have preventive effects on the development of hepatic steatosis. Therefore, we investigated the preventive effects of G-CSF by using a high-fat diet (HFD) rat model.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Twelve rats were fed HFD and 6 rats were fed control diet from 10 weeks of age. Once little steatosis was confirmed in the liver (after 10 weeks of feeding the HFD; at 20 weeks of age), HFD rats were randomly divided into two groups and treated with either G-CSF (100 μg kg-1 day-1 for 5 consecutive days every other week; HFD/G-CSF rats) or saline (HFD/saline rats) for 10 weeks at 20 weeks of age. All rats were sacrificed at 30 weeks of age. Histology was examined by hematoxylin and eosin (H-E) and Oil Red O staining, and the expression levels of genes of associated with lipogenesis and β-oxidation enzymes were determined by qRT-PCR.

RESULTS:

Histological examinations revealed that HFD/G-CSF rats had significantly lower lipid accumulation in their hepatocytes than did HFD/saline rats (p < 0.05). HFD/G-CSF rats also showed lower expression levels of genes associated with lipogenesis and higher expression levels of genes associated with β-oxidation than HFD/saline rats (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

In conclusion, we found that G-CSF prevented development of hepatic steatosis in an HFD rat model. The preventive effect may be associated with the regulation of gene expression involved in hepatic lipogenesis and β-oxidation.

PMID:
25671834
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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