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J Child Neurol. 2016 Jan;31(1):76-85. doi: 10.1177/0883073814568152. Epub 2015 Feb 10.

Pediatric Posttraumatic Headache: A Review.

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Division of Pediatric Neurology, Mattel Children's Hospital, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
Division of Pediatric Neurology, Center for Integrative Brain Research, Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA


Head injuries are common in pediatrics, and headaches are the most common complaint following mild head trauma. Although moderate and severe traumatic brain injuries occur less frequently, headaches can complicate recovery. There is currently an intense spotlight on concussion and there has been a corresponding increase in the number of children seeking care for headache after mild traumatic brain injury or concussion. Understanding the natural history of, and recognition of factors that are associated with posttraumatic headache will help providers and families to limit disability and may prompt earlier intervention to address disabling headaches. While there are few studies on the treatment of posttraumatic headache, proper evaluation and management of posttraumatic headaches is essential to prevent further injury and to promote recovery. In this article, we will review the current definitions and epidemiology of pediatric posttraumatic headache and discuss current recommendations for the evaluation and management of this syndrome in children and adolescents.


adolescent; child; concussion; migraine; posttraumatic headache; traumatic brain injury

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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