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Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1989 Jan-Feb;339(1-2):236-43.

Biphasic relaxant curves to glyceryl trinitrate in rat aortic rings. Evidence for two mechanisms of action.

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School of Pharmacology, Victorian College of Pharmacy, Parkville, Australia.


The concentration-effect curve for the relaxant effects of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) in rat aortic rings consisted of two phases with IC50 values of 0.1 microM for Phase I and 14 microM for Phase II. Incubation of tissues with oxyhaemoglobin or the induction of tolerance to GTN abolished responses occurring in Phase I but were without effect on Phase II relaxant responses. Both phases of the relaxant curve appeared to involve cyclic GMP since responses were (i) potentiated by the cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor zaprinast (M & B 22948) and (ii) inhibited by methylene blue and LY83583, agents which inhibit soluble guanylate cyclase. The latter agents inhibited Phase I responses in a non-surmountable manner while Phase II responses were shifted to the right without effect on the maximal response. Neither phase of relaxation involved stimulation of the Na+/K+ ATPase pump since treatment of tissues with ouabain or K+-free solutions did not alter the GTN biphasic curve. Phase I relaxant responses to GTN resembled those to the endothelium-dependent relaxant acetylcholine, since oxyhaemoglobin and methylene blue were non-surmountable antagonists; however there was no cross tolerance to acetylcholine in GTN tolerant tissues. Phase II relaxant responses resembled those obtained with sodium nitroprusside (SNP) since neither oxyhaemoglobin nor the induction of tolerance to GTN altered the response to SNP. These results indicate that there are two distinct mechanisms of relaxation for GTN in rat aortic rings; however both mechanisms appear to involve cyclic GMP as the second messenger.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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