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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2015 Mar;97(3):298-306. doi: 10.1002/cpt.43. Epub 2015 Jan 20.

Pharmacogenetics of pregnancy-induced changes in efavirenz pharmacokinetics.

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1
Department of Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK; Faculty of Pharmacy, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Abstract

Pregnancy-induced physiological changes alter many drugs' pharmacokinetics. We investigated pregnancy-induced changes in efavirenz pharmacokinetics in 25 pregnant and 19 different postpartum women stratified from 211 HIV-positive women in whom a preliminary pharmacogenetic study had been undertaken. Despite significant changes in CL/F during pregnancy (42.6% increase; P = 0.023), median (range) Cmin was 1,000 ng/mL (429-5,190) with no significant change in Cmax (P = 0.072). However, when stratified for CYP2B6 516G>T (rs3745274) genotype, efavirenz AUC0-24 , Cmax and Cmin were 50.6% (P = 0.0013), 17.2% (P = 0.14), and 61.6% (P = 0.0027) lower during pregnancy (n = 8) compared with postpartum (n = 6) in 516G homozygotes, with values of 25,900 ng.h/mL (21,700-32,600), 2,640 ng/mL (1,260-3,490), and 592 ng/mL (429-917), respectively, and CL/F was 100% higher (P = 0.0013). No changes were apparent in CYP2B6 516 heterozygotes (14 pregnant vs. 7 postpartum). The clinical implications of these findings warrant further investigation.

PMID:
25669165
DOI:
10.1002/cpt.43
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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