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Sex Transm Dis. 2015 Mar;42(3):140-2. doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000246.

Prevalence and macrolide resistance of Mycoplasma genitalium in South African women.

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From the *USC EA 3671 Mycoplasmal and Chlamydial Infections in Humans, University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France; †INRA, USC EA 3671 Mycoplasmal and Chlamydial Infections in Humans, Bordeaux, France; ‡Laboratoire de Bactériologie, CHU de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France; §Anova Health Institute, Khutso Kurhula Project, Johannesburg, South Africa; ¶Department of Medical Microbiology & Infection Control, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; ∥Institute for Public Health Genomics (IPHG), Department of Genetics and Cell Biology, Research School GROW (School for Oncology & Developmental Biology), Faculty of Health, Medicine & Life Sciences, University of Maastricht, Maastricht, the Netherlands; and **Department of Medical Microbiology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, the Netherlands.


Remnant specimens from 601 women obtained in a cross-sectional study from rural South Africa were tested for Mycoplasma genitalium. Overall, 10.8% of women were infected with M. genitalium either in the vagina or in the rectum. Macrolide resistance, although of low prevalence, in M. genitalium is described for the first time in Sub-Saharan Africa.

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