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Prev Med. 2015 Apr;73:119-24. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.02.003. Epub 2015 Feb 7.

Tobacco counseling experience prior to starting medical school, tobacco treatment self-efficacy and knowledge among first-year medical students in the United States.

Author information

1
Clinical and Population Health Research Program, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 368 Plantation Street, Worcester, MA 01605, USA; Division of Epidemiology of Chronic Diseases and Vulnerable Populations, Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 368 Plantation Street, Worcester, MA 01605, USA. Electronic address: rui.xiao@umassmed.edu.
2
Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue, Worcester, MA 01655, USA.
3
Division of Epidemiology of Chronic Diseases and Vulnerable Populations, Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 368 Plantation Street, Worcester, MA 01605, USA.
4
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.
5
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
6
Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Georgetown University Hospital, USA.
7
Department of Medicine, Creighton University, Omaha, NE, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To explore students' tobacco dependence counseling experiences prior to medical school and their associations with tobacco counseling self-efficacy, and familiarity with and perceived effectiveness of tobacco dependence treatment among first-year medical students in the United States.

METHOD:

In 2010, 1266 first-year medical students from 10 US medical schools completed a survey reporting their clinical experiences with specific tobacco counseling skills (e.g., 5As) prior to medical school. The survey also included questions on tobacco counseling self-efficacy, perceived physician impact on smokers, and familiarity and effectiveness of tobacco-related treatments.

RESULTS:

Half (50.4%) reported some tobacco counseling experiences prior to medical school (i.e. at least one 5A). Students with prior counseling experiences were more likely to have higher tobacco counseling self-efficacy, and greater familiarity with medication treatment, nicotine replacement treatment, and behavioral counseling for smoking cessation, compared to those with no prior experiences. Perceived physician impact on patient smoking outcomes did not differ by prior tobacco counseling experiences.

CONCLUSIONS:

Many first-year medical students may already be primed to learn tobacco dependence counseling skills. Enhancing early exposure to learning these skills in medical school is likely to be beneficial to the skillset of our future physicians.

KEYWORDS:

Medical students; Perceived effectiveness; Self-efficacy; Tobacco dependence treatment

PMID:
25666737
PMCID:
PMC4378235
DOI:
10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.02.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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