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J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2015 Jul-Aug;55(7-8):835-44. Epub 2015 Feb 10.

Sources of sport confidence, imagery type and performance among competitive athletes: the mediating role of sports confidence.

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Department of Psychology, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, UK -



This study explored the mediating role of sport confidence upon (1) sources of sport confidence-performance relationship and (2) imagery-performance relationship.


Participants were 157 competitive athletes who completed state measures of confidence level/sources, imagery type and performance within one hour after competition.


Among the current sample, confirmatory factor analysis revealed appropriate support for the nine-factor SSCQ and the five-factor SIQ. Mediational analysis revealed that sport confidence had a mediating influence upon the achievement source of confidence-performance relationship. In addition, both cognitive and motivational imagery types were found to be important sources of confidence, as sport confidence mediated imagery type- performance relationship.


Findings indicated that athletes who construed confidence from their own achievements and report multiple images on a more frequent basis are likely to benefit from enhanced levels of state sport confidence and subsequent performance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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