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Eur J Pharmacol. 1989 Mar 21;162(2):207-14.

Involvement of a central nervous pathway in yohimbine-induced insulin secretion.

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Faculté de Médecine, Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, UA 599 du CNRS, Institut de Biologie, Montpellier, France.


Yohimbine hydrochloride, an alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist, was administered (3.3 mg/kg i.v.) to anesthetized normal dogs provided with a T-shaped catheter inserted in the pancreaticoduodenal vein. The effects on blood glucose levels and pancreatic hormones were investigated. We show that yohimbine induced an immediate and pronounced stimulatory effect on insulin secretion accompanied by a clear decrease in blood glucose levels. Yohimbine also stimulated the pancreatic secretion of somatostatin and glucagon. However, the secretion kinetics were not the same for the three hormones: the stimulation was rapid and immediate for insulin and somatostatin, whereas it was progressive for glucagon. All these stimulatory effects were suppressed by propranolol, thus implicating beta-adrenergic mechanisms. Bilateral cervical vagotomy markedly reduced the immediate effect of yohimbine on insulin secretion, suggesting that a central neural pathway was implicated. In contrast, the progressive elevation in glucagon secretion was not decreased by vagotomy. Our results suggest that yohimbine stimulates, at least in part, insulin secretion by blocking central alpha 2-adrenoceptors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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