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J Hum Nutr Diet. 2016 Feb;29(1):118-23. doi: 10.1111/jhn.12298. Epub 2015 Feb 9.

Association of G1359A polymorphism of the cannabinoid receptor gene (CNR1) with macronutrient intakes in obese females.

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Institute of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Medicine School, and Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Clinico Universitario, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain.



The endogenous cannabinoid system plays a role in metabolic aspects of body weight and feeding behaviour. A polymorphism (1359 G/A) (rs1049353) of the CB1 gene was reported as a common polymorphism in the Caucasian population. The present study aimed to investigate the association of the polymorphism (G1359A) of the CB1 receptor gene on macronutrient intake in females with obesity.


A sample of 896 females was analysed. A bioimpedance measurement, a blood pressure measurement, a serial assessment of nutritional intake with 3 days of written food records, and a biochemical analysis were all performed. The genotype of the CNR1 receptor gene polymorphism (rs1049353) was studied.


Five hundred and sixteen patients (57.6%) had the genotype G1359G (non-A carriers) and 380 (42.4%) patients had G1359A (328 patients, 36.6%) or A1359A (52 patients, 5.8%) (A carriers). Triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels were higher in A non-A allele carriers than non-A allele carriers. The intakes of dietary cholesterol and saturated fat for the upper tertile (T3) compared to the baseline tertile were inversely associated with the CB1-R 1359 G/A polymorphism [odds ratio (OR) = 0.59; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.30-0.92 and OR = 0.66; 95% CI = 0.39-0.91, respectively]. These data were observed in the second tertile (T2) (OR = 0.61; 95% CI = 0.29-0.94 and OR = 0.58; 95% CI = 0.31-0.90, respectively).


The present study reports an association of the A allele with a better lipid profile (triglycerides and HDL cholesterol) than non-A allele carriers. In addition, this polymorphism is associated with a specific macronutrient intake, as well as with low cholesterol and fat saturated intakes.


cannabinoid receptor gene; macronutrient; obesity; polymorphism

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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