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Diabet Med. 2015 Oct;32(10):1319-28. doi: 10.1111/dme.12716. Epub 2015 Feb 20.

Prevalence and incidence of diabetes mellitus: a nationwide population-based pharmaco-epidemiological study in Sweden.

Author information

1
Family Medicine Research Centre, Örebro County Council, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
2
Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
3
School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
4
Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Unit of Family Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.
5
Division of Community Medicine, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Department of Local Care West, County Council of Östergötland, Linköping, Sweden.
6
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Erratum in

Abstract

AIM:

To investigate the changes in prevalence and incidence of pharmacologically and non-pharmacologically treated diabetes in Sweden during 2005 to 2013.

METHODS:

We obtained data on gender, date of birth and pharmacologically and non-pharmacologically treated diabetes from national registers for all Swedish residents.

RESULTS:

During the study period a total of 240 871 new cases of pharmacologically treated diabetes was found. The age-standardized incidence during the follow-up was 4.34 and 3.16 per 1000 individuals in men and women, respectively. A decreasing time trend in incidence for men of 0.6% per year (0.994, 95% CI 0.989-0.999) and for women of 0.7% per year (0.993, 95% CI 0.986-0.999) was observed. The age-standardized prevalence increased from 41.9 and 29.9 per 1000 in 2005/2006 to 50.8 and 34.6 in 2012/2013 in men and women, respectively. This corresponds to an annually increasing time trend for both men (1.024, 95% CI 1.022-1.027) and women (1.019, 95% CI 1.016-1.021). The total age-standardized prevalence of pharmacologically and non-pharmacologically treated diabetes (2012) was 46.9 per 1000 (55.6 for men and 38.8 for women). This corresponds to an annually increasing time trend (2010-2012) for both men (1.017, 95% CI 1.013-1.021) and women (1.012, 95% CI 1.008-1.016).

CONCLUSIONS:

The prevalence of pharmacologically treated diabetes increased moderately during 8 years of follow-up, while the incidence decreased modestly. This is in contrast to the results reported by most other studies. The total prevalence of diabetes (both pharmacologically and non-pharmacologically treated) in Sweden is relatively low, from a global viewpoint.

PMID:
25662570
DOI:
10.1111/dme.12716
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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