Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Cardiol. 2015 Mar 15;183:82-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.01.062. Epub 2015 Jan 27.

Multiple cardiometabolic risk factors in the Southern Cone of Latin America: a population-based study in Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay.

Author information

1
Southern Cone American Center of Excellence for Cardiovascular Health, Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
2
Sanatorio San Carlos, Bariloche, Pcia. de Río Negro, Argentina.
3
Universidad de La Frontera, CIGES, Temuco, Chile.
4
School of Medicine, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay.
5
Municipalidad de Marcos Paz, Pcia. de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
6
Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA.
7
Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA. Electronic address: jhe@tulane.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of death, and its mortality is increasing in Latin America. However, population-based data on cardiovascular disease risk factors are sparse in these countries.

METHODS:

A total of 7524 men and women, aged 35 to 74 years old, were recruited between February 2010 and December 2011 from randomly selected samples in 4 cities (Bariloche and Marcos Paz, Argentina; Temuco, Chile; and Pando-Barros Blancos, Uruguay) in the Southern Cone of Latin America. Cardiovascular risk factors were measured using standard methods by trained and certified observers.

RESULTS:

Approximately 85.5% of adults ate less than five servings of fruit or vegetables per day, 35.2% engaged in low physical activity, and 29.7% currently smoked cigarettes. The prevalences of obesity, central obesity, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, dyslipidemia, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome were 35.7%, 52.9%, 40.8%, 2.0%, 58.4%, 12.4%, and 37.4%, respectively. The proportion of individuals with ≥3 cardiovascular risk factors, including low intake of fruit and vegetables, low physical activity, current cigarette smoking, obesity or central obesity, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, dyslipidemia, and diabetes, was 68.3%, and the proportion of individuals with ≥3 cardiometabolic risk factors, including obesity or central obesity, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, dyslipidemia, and diabetes, was 22.9%.

CONCLUSIONS:

Cardiovascular disease risk factors are highly prevalent in the general population in the Southern Cone of Latin America. These data suggest that national efforts on the prevention, treatment, and control of cardiovascular risk factors should be a public health priority in the Southern Cone of Latin America.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiovascular disease; Diabetes; Dyslipidemia; Hypertension; Obesity; Risk factors

PMID:
25662056
PMCID:
PMC4382451
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.01.062
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center