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Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2015 Jul 3;60:1-10. doi: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2015.01.016. Epub 2015 Feb 7.

Neural correlates of negative emotion processing in bipolar disorder.

Author information

1
Department of Neuroscience, Imaging and Clinical Sciences, "G. D'Annunzio" University Chieti-Pescara, Italy; Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University "A. Moro", Bari, Italy. Electronic address: g.sepede@unich.it.
2
National Health Trust, Department of Mental Health, Teramo, Italy.
3
Department of Neuroscience, Imaging and Clinical Sciences, "G. D'Annunzio" University Chieti-Pescara, Italy; ITAB - Institute for Advanced Biomedical Technologies, "G. D'Annunzio" University Chieti-Pescara, Italy.
4
Department of Neuroscience, Imaging and Clinical Sciences, "G. D'Annunzio" University Chieti-Pescara, Italy; ITAB - Institute for Advanced Biomedical Technologies, "G. D'Annunzio" University Chieti-Pescara, Italy; Bioengineering Unit, IRCCS NEUROMED, Pozzilli, Isernia, Italy.
5
Department of Neuroscience, Imaging and Clinical Sciences, "G. D'Annunzio" University Chieti-Pescara, Italy.
6
Department of Neuroscience, Imaging and Clinical Sciences, "G. D'Annunzio" University Chieti-Pescara, Italy; National Health Trust, Department of Mental Health, Chieti, Italy.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Bipolar disorder type I (BD-I) is characterized by a severe impairment in emotional processing during both acute and euthymic phases of the illness. The aim of the present study was to investigate negative emotion processing in both euthymic patients and non-affected first-degree relatives, looking for state and trait markers of BD-I.

METHODS:

22 healthy relatives of BD-I patients (mean age 31.5±7.3 years; 15 females), 23 euthymic BD-I patients (mean age 35.2±7.9 years; 14 females), and 24 matched controls (mean age 32.5±6.2 years; 16 females) performed an IAPS-based emotional task during 1.5T fMRI. They were required to identify vegetable items (targets) inside neutral or negative pictures.

RESULTS:

Euthymic BD-I patients showed a significant reduced accuracy in target detection during both neutral and negative images presentation, whereas first-degree relatives performed similarly to normal comparisons. We found a reduced activation of Left precuneus during negative images condition in the patients only. By contrast, both patients and relatives hyperactivated the Left insula and hypoactivated the Right supramarginal gyrus with respect to controls. Moreover, relatives showed an increased activation of Right lingual gyrus and lower activation of pre-supplementary motor area and Right superior frontal gyrus.

CONCLUSIONS:

During a negative emotion task, euthymic BD-I patients and non-affected first-degree relatives shared an abnormal activation of a limbic area (Left insula) coupled with a reduced activation of a parietal region (Right supramarginal gyrus), thus suggesting a trait-like anomalous processing of affective contents. On the other hand, functional abnormalities found only in unaffected relatives and not in patients and controls may correspond to resilience factors.

KEYWORDS:

Bipolar disorder; Euthymia; First-degree relatives; Negative emotion processing; Trait marker; fMRI

PMID:
25661850
DOI:
10.1016/j.pnpbp.2015.01.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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