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J Family Med Prim Care. 2014 Oct-Dec;3(4):430-5. doi: 10.4103/2249-4863.148139.

An epidemiological overview of child sexual abuse.

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Department of Statistics, Public Health Evidence South Asia, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India.


Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a universal problem with grave life-long outcomes. The estimates vary widely depending on the country under study, the definitions used, the type of CSA studied, the extent of coverage, and quality of data. This study intended to assess the magnitude and the issues related to CSA. We searched databases such as PubMed, Google scholar, web (newspaper reports), and government websites. The relevant data was extracted from these sources for gathering evidence on CSA and secondary data analysis was done. The prevalence of CSA was found to be high in India as well as throughout the world. CSA is an extensive problem and even the lowest prevalence includes a huge number of victims. It also has various adverse effects on the psychological, physical, behavioral, and interpersonal well-being of the victim. Hence, stringent measures should be taken for the prevention and control of this hidden public health issue.


Adverse effects; child sexual abuse; epidemiological overview; prevalence

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