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Curr Oral Health Rep. 2015;2:20-29.

The Link Between Periodontitis and Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Periodontist's Perspective.

Author information

1
Department of Surgical Specialties, Division of Periodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Lincoln, NE USA ; Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE USA ; Department of Surgical Specialties, College of Dentistry, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 40th & Holdrege, Lincoln, NE 68583 USA.
2
Department of Oral Biology and Pathology, School of Dental Medicine, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794-8700 USA.
3
Omaha Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) and Nebraska Arthritis Outcomes Research Center, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 983025 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-3025 USA.

Abstract

In this review, we critically evaluate the case-control studies examining the relationship between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis, two common chronic inflammatory diseases with a similar host-mediated pathogenesis. We review the "two-hit" periodontitis model that our group previously proposed, in which we elucidate how a systemic disease such as RA can potentially exacerbate or initiate periodontitis. Furthermore, we discuss adjunctive host modulation therapy, originally developed for periodontitis (i.e., subantimicrobial-dose doxycycline alone or in combination with an anti-inflammatory agent), to simultaneously mitigate RA and periodontitis. Finally, we review studies describing periodontal treatment effects on both RA disease activity measures and systemic inflammation. Current evidence suggests that an association exists between periodontitis and RA. Well-designed multicenter longitudinal clinical trials and studies with sufficient sample sizes are needed to ascertain the temporal relationship between these two diseases and whether periodontal treatment can reduce the severity of RA or prevent its onset.

KEYWORDS:

Alveolar bone loss; Case–control studies; Periodontitis; Rheumatoid arthritis; Subantimicrobial dose doxycycline

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