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Indian J Dermatol. 2015 Jan-Feb;60(1):66-73. doi: 10.4103/0019-5154.147797.

Is frictional lichenoid dermatitis a minor variant of atopic dermatitis or a photodermatosis.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India.
2
Department of Dermatology Chacha Nehru Childrens Hospital, New Delhi, India.
3
Department of Pathology, Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Frictional lichenoid dermatitis.

BACKGROUND:

Frictional lichenoid dermatitis (FLE) is an entity that is probably under diagnosed and has been variably associated with either friction and/or atopy with a distinctive seasonal variation.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:

To study correlation of FLE with UV index and to assess its association with atopic dermatitis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A cross sectional analysis of children with FLE was done, over a period of 6 years in two tertiary hospitals. A detailed history and examination was done to assess the features of atopic dermatitis. The number of cases seen per month was compared with the mean monthly UV index. Two-tailed significance tests using Pearson's coefficient of correlation and T-test were used to interpret the data. (P < 0.05).

RESULTS:

One hundred seventy-four patients were studied using the UKC criterion 17.2% of the patients had AD while xerosis (40.3%) was the predominant cutaneous finding. The number of patients seen in summer was more than in winter (P < 0.05) but there was no statistical difference between the cases in winter and spring. There was a significant correlation of the number of cases per month with UV index (P = 0.019). Almost 42% of patients gave a history of recurrence.

CONCLUSIONS:

FLE is probably not associated with atopic dermatitis and is likely to be related to the ambient UV index though a larger cohort with meticulous follow up may be needed to draw a final conclusion.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED:

The Pearson's coefficient of correlation was used for comparing the cases per month with the UV index. The tests of hypothesis used included the paired T-tests. F-test of variance, Welch test, Wilcoxon rank sum test and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test. P < 0.05 was considered significant.

KEYWORDS:

Atopic dermatitis; Sutton's prurigo; UV Index; UV light; frictional lichenoid dermatitis; seasonal variation; summer

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