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Expert Rev Neurother. 2015 Mar;15(3):281-93. doi: 10.1586/14737175.2015.1009898. Epub 2015 Feb 6.

Asperger's syndrome: diagnosis, comorbidity and therapy.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Neuroscience Program, Harvard Medical School, McLean Hospital, Belmont, MA 02478, USA.

Abstract

Asperger's syndrome (AS), a behavioral disorder that is related to autism, is associated with abnormal social functioning and repetitive behaviors but not with a decrease in intelligence or linguistic functionality. This article reviews the clinical diagnosis of AS and discusses the comorbid disorders that may be present with AS, as well as the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of pharmacotherapies given to AS patients, as reported in preclinical and clinical studies. AS may be present with several comorbid disorders including: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, and Tourette's syndrome. The difficulty in distinguishing AS from autism results in treating the comorbid disorder symptoms, rather than treating the symptoms of AS. Accordingly, there is a great need to further understand the psychobiology of AS and its association with other disorders, which should expand the pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic options and improve the quality of life for AS patients.

KEYWORDS:

Asperger’s syndrome; autistic spectrum disorders; cognitive behavioral therapy; comorbid disorders; pharmacotherapy; symptoms

PMID:
25655905
DOI:
10.1586/14737175.2015.1009898
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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