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J Clin Invest. 2015 Jan;125(1):42-6. doi: 10.1172/JCI73941. Epub 2015 Jan 2.

The role for autophagy in cancer.

Abstract

Autophagy is a survival-promoting pathway that captures, degrades, and recycles intracellular proteins and organelles in lysosomes. Autophagy preserves organelle function, prevents the toxic buildup of cellular waste products, and provides substrates to sustain metabolism in starvation. Although in some contexts autophagy suppresses tumorigenesis, in most contexts autophagy facilitates tumorigenesis. Cancers can upregulate autophagy to survive microenvironmental stress and to increase growth and aggressiveness. Mechanisms by which autophagy promotes cancer include suppressing induction of the p53 tumor suppressor protein and maintaining metabolic function of mitochondria. Efforts to inhibit autophagy to improve cancer therapy have thereby attracted great interest.

PMID:
25654549
PMCID:
PMC4382247
DOI:
10.1172/JCI73941
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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