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Brain Res. 1989 Apr 3;483(2):347-54.

Glucose deprivation neuronal injury in cortical culture.

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Department of Neurology, Stanford Univeristy Medical Center, CA 94305.


Murine cortical cell cultures deprived of glucose for 6-8 h developed extensive neuronal degeneration, apparent both morphologically and by efflux of lactate dehydrogenase to the bathing medium. This neuronal damage could be substantially reduced by addition of D-2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate (D-APV), in a concentration-dependent (IC50 about 2 microM) and stereospecific (D-APV more potent than L-APV) fashion. A similar neuron-protective effect could also be obtained with several other NMDA antagonists, 2-amino-7-phosphonoheptanoate, phencyclidine, MK-801, ketamine, and (+)-SKF 10,047, as well as with the broad spectrum glutamine antagonist kynurenate. In contrast, little protection could be obtained with gamma-D-glutamylaminomethyl sulfonate and L-glutamate diethyl ester, compounds which have been reported to act primarily at non-NMDA receptors. These observations support the hypothesis that glucose deprivation-induced cortical neuronal injury is largely mediated by NMDA receptors, and suggest that cell culture methodology can be useful in the quantitative characterization of that injury.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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