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Ethn Health. 2016;21(1):58-70. doi: 10.1080/13557858.2015.1007119. Epub 2015 Feb 4.

Evaluation of a telenovela designed to improve knowledge and behavioral intentions among Hispanic patients with end-stage renal disease in Southern California.

Author information

1
a Department of Preventive Medicine , Keck School of Medicine of USC , Los Angeles , CA , USA.
2
b Mendez National Institute of Transplantation , Los Angeles , CA , USA.
3
c Kidney Pancreas Transplant Center, Keck Medical Center of USC , Los Angeles , CA , USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Culturally relevant education is needed to improve rates of successful kidney transplantation among Hispanic patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This study examined whether patients' knowledge about kidney disease, postoperative care, and proactive health practices improved after watching a telenovela series about ESRD.

DESIGN:

334 ESRD patients and 94 family members/caregivers were assigned to watch a telenovela ('Fixing Paco,' a bilingual health education film) or receive standard of care at a transplant center or at a dialysis clinic. Outcomes for pre-transplant patients assigned to standard of care at dialysis centers or at a transplant center were compared to pre-transplant patients in the treatment condition (standard of care + telenovela).

RESULTS:

Knowledge and behavioral intention scores at baseline across conditions and locations were similar, suggesting that assignment resulted in comparable groups at baseline. Using linear regression, this study found statistically significant improvements in knowledge scores among the telenovela group as compared to the standard of care groups. The telenovela group also had greater improvements in behavioral intention scores compared to the standard of care groups. Family members assigned to the telenovela group had significant improvements in knowledge scores as compared to the standard of care groups.

CONCLUSION:

Being well informed about ESRD and adopting proactive health behaviors are important mechanisms in improving transplantation outcomes. These findings suggest that knowledge about kidney disease, postoperative care, and proactive health practices could be improved by viewing a telenovela. Implications, limitations, and directions for future research are discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Hispanic; end-stage renal disease; entertainment-education; health education intervention; kidney transplant; telenovela

PMID:
25650806
PMCID:
PMC5508717
DOI:
10.1080/13557858.2015.1007119
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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