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Health Promot Perspect. 2014 Dec 30;4(2):230-9. doi: 10.5681/hpp.2014.030. eCollection 2014.

Iranian Women's Experiences with Intimate Partner Violence: A Qualitative Study.

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Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.



Violence against women has been identified as a public health problem, which has fundamental consequences on women's physical, mental, and reproductive health. To understand abused women and provide support for them, it is necessary to enter the world in which the victims of intimate partner violence live. This study was designed to investigate experiences of abused Iranian women of intimate partner violence.


Content analysis approach was used to design this qualitative study. Participants were 11 married women, selected from two health centers and one park located in the south of Tehran, Iran. Purposive sampling method was applied to recruit the study participants and continued until data saturation was reached. Semi-structured interviews were employed to collect data.


During the data analysis, 650 initial codes were clustered in six subcategories and two categories. "Neglect or covert violence" and "overt violence" were two categories emerged through data analysis, both having physical, sexual, and emotional dimensions. Emotional violence was the most prevalent in both cases and had more significance for the women. Neglect was much more common than overt violence. It was the precursor for overt violence.


Although participants had experienced both neglect and overt violence, the major part of experienced violence was neglect. This type of violence usually is not addressed or recognized and is difficult to identify, but it is damaging to women. Knowledge of women‟s experiences of intimate partner violence makes the health staff provide better care for abused women.


Abused women; Domestic violence; Intimate partner violence; Iran; Wife abuse

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