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Nat Rev Genet. 2015 Mar;16(3):172-83. doi: 10.1038/nrg3871. Epub 2015 Feb 3.

A copy number variation map of the human genome.

Author information

  • 1The Centre for Applied Genomics, and Program in Genetics and Genome Biology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L7, Canada.
  • 21] The Centre for Applied Genomics, and Program in Genetics and Genome Biology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L7, Canada. [2] McLaughlin Centre and Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L7, Canada.

Abstract

A major contribution to the genome variability among individuals comes from deletions and duplications - collectively termed copy number variations (CNVs) - which alter the diploid status of DNA. These alterations may have no phenotypic effect, account for adaptive traits or can underlie disease. We have compiled published high-quality data on healthy individuals of various ethnicities to construct an updated CNV map of the human genome. Depending on the level of stringency of the map, we estimated that 4.8-9.5% of the genome contributes to CNV and found approximately 100 genes that can be completely deleted without producing apparent phenotypic consequences. This map will aid the interpretation of new CNV findings for both clinical and research applications.

PMID:
25645873
DOI:
10.1038/nrg3871
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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