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Genomics. 2015 Apr;105(4):220-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ygeno.2015.01.007. Epub 2015 Jan 31.

Rescue of gene-expression changes in an induced mouse model of spinal muscular atrophy by an antisense oligonucleotide that promotes inclusion of SMN2 exon 7.

Author information

1
Division of Genetics and Genomics, Biogen Idec, 12 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.
2
Neuroscience Drug Discovery, Isis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 2855 Gazelle Court, Carlsbad, CA 92010, USA.
3
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 1 Bungtown Road, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA.
4
Division of Genetics and Genomics, Biogen Idec, 12 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. Electronic address: john.carulli@biogenidec.com.

Abstract

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neuromuscular disease caused by disruption of the survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene, partly compensated for by the paralogous gene SMN2. Exon 7 inclusion is critical for full-length SMN protein production and occurs at a much lower frequency for SMN2 than for SMN1. Antisense oligonucleotide (ASO)-mediated blockade of an intron 7 splicing silencer was previously shown to promote inclusion of SMN2 exon 7 in SMA mouse models and mediate phenotypic rescue. However, downstream molecular consequences of this ASO therapy have not been defined. Here we characterize the gene-expression changes that occur in an induced model of SMA and show substantial rescue of those changes in central nervous system tissue upon intracerebroventricular administration of an ASO that promotes inclusion of exon 7, with earlier administration promoting greater rescue. This study offers a robust reference set of preclinical pharmacodynamic gene expression effects for comparison of other investigational therapies for SMA.

KEYWORDS:

Antisense; Gene expression; Mouse model; Oligonucleotide; SMN2; Spinal muscular atrophy

PMID:
25645699
DOI:
10.1016/j.ygeno.2015.01.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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