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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Jul;213(1):46.e1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2015.01.051. Epub 2015 Jan 30.

The role of contraceptive attributes in women's contraceptive decision making.

Author information

1
Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO. Electronic address: maddent@wustl.edu.
2
Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO.
3
Division of General Medical Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO.
4
Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Surgery, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Contraceptive methods have differing attributes. Women's preferences for these attributes may influence contraceptive decision making. Our objective was to identify women's contraceptive preferences among women initiating a new contraceptive method.

STUDY DESIGN:

We conducted a cross-sectional, self-administered survey of women's contraceptive preferences at the time of enrollment into the Contraceptive CHOICE Project. Participants were asked to rank the importance of 15 contraceptive attributes on a 3-point scale (1 = not at all important, 2 = somewhat important, and 3 = very important) and then to rank the 3 attributes that were the most important when choosing a contraceptive method. The survey also contained questions about prior contraceptive experience and barriers to contraceptive use. Information about demographic and reproductive characteristics was collected through the CHOICE Project baseline survey.

RESULTS:

There were 2590 women who completed the survey. Our sample was racially and socioeconomically diverse. Method attributes with the highest importance score (mean score [SD]) were effectiveness (2.97 [0.18]), safety (2.96 [0.22]), affordability (2.61 [0.61]), whether the method is long lasting (2.58 [0.61]), and whether the method is "forgettable" (2.54 [0.66]). The attributes most likely to be ranked by respondents among the top 3 attributes included effectiveness (84.2%), safety (67.8%), and side effects of the method (44.6%).

CONCLUSION:

Multiple contraceptive attributes influence decision making and no single attribute drives most women's decisions. Tailoring communication and helping women make complex tradeoffs between attributes can better support their contraceptive decisions and may assist them in making value-consistent choices. This process could improve continuation and satisfaction.

KEYWORDS:

contraceptive attributes; contraceptive decision making; contraceptive implant; intrauterine device; preference-sensitive decision

PMID:
25644443
PMCID:
PMC4485538
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajog.2015.01.051
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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