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Pol Arch Med Wewn. 2015;125(3):141-51. Epub 2015 Jan 30.

Clinical efficacy and safety of insulin aspart compared with regular human insulin in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Prandial insulin is a key component in insulin treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and in many patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The evidence-based data supporting the choice of an insulin preparation are still limited.

OBJECTIVES:

We performed a systematic review to summarize and update the evidence on relative efficacy and safety of insulin aspart (IAsp) and regular human insulin (RHI) in both types of diabetes.

METHODS:

Randomized controlled trials comparing IAsp with RHI in patients with either T1DM or T2DM and conducted until May 2013 were retrieved from a systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library.

RESULTS:

Of 16 relevant trials, 11 involved patients with T1DM and 5--with T2DM. In the T1DM population, IAsp, when compared with RHI, provided a greater reduction in hemoglobin A₁c (HbA₁c) levels (weighted mean difference [WMD], -0.11%; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.16 to -0.05; WMD, -1.2 mmol/mol; 95% CI, -1.7 to -0.5), and improved postprandial glucose levels following breakfast (WMD, -1.40 mmol/l; 95% CI, -1.72 to -1.07), lunch (WMD, -1.01 mmol/l; 95% CI, -1.61 to -0.41), and dinner (WMD, -0.89 mmol/l; 95% CI, -1.19 to -0.59). The risk of nocturnal hypoglycemia was lower in T1DM patients receiving IAsp (relative risk, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.64-0.91), while no difference was observed for severe hypoglycemia. In T2DM patients, IAsp led to a greater reduction in HbA₁c levels (WMD, -0.22%; 95% CI, -0.39 to -0.05; -2.4 mmol/mol, -4.3 to -0.5) and postprandial blood glucose. The risk of overall hypoglycemia and severe adverse effects was comparable between the groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

IAsp provides better glycemic control when compared with RHI in patients with T1DM and T2DM. Fewer T1DM patients treated with IAsp experienced nocturnal hypoglycemia, while both interventions showed a comparable risk of severe hypoglycemic events in both types of diabetes.

PMID:
25644227
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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