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Am J Physiol. 1989 Mar;256(3 Pt 2):R605-11.

Neuronal histamine modulates feeding behavior through H1-receptor in rat hypothalamus.

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  • 1First Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kyushu University, Japan.


To clarify the physiological role of hypothalamic neuronal histamine in control of food intake, ingestive behavior and neuronal activity were investigated under blockade or diurnal fluctuation of hypothalamic neuronal histamine. Histamine H1- but not H2-receptor antagonist potently induced feeding in a dose-related manner after infusion into rat third cerebroventricle at 1100 h. Elicitation was attenuated after infusion at 1940 h when histamine content in the hypothalamus was low and was abolished after intraperitoneal pretreatment with 0.11 mmol alpha-fluoromethylhistidine (alpha-FMH), a specific suicide inhibitor of histidine decarboxylase. Electrophoretic application of a histamine H1-receptor antagonist to ventromedial hypothalamic neurons specifically suppressed activities of glucose-responding neurons that are related to food intake. The suppressive effect was also attenuated by intraperitoneal pretreatment with alpha-FMH. These results suggest that feeding induced by histamine H1-receptor antagonists is due to blockade of neuronal histamine at the site of histamine H1-receptors, at least in part, in the ventromedial hypothalamus and that diurnal fluctuation of feeding behavior may reflect circadian variation of neuronal histamine level.

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