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Anat Sci Educ. 2015 Jul-Aug;8(4):305-16. doi: 10.1002/ase.1517. Epub 2015 Jan 16.

Dissecting through barriers: A mixed-methods study on the effect of interprofessional education in a dissection course with healthcare professional students.

Author information

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of General Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
2
Faculty of Health Sciences, Education Program in Anatomy, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
3
Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada.
4
Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Healthcare delivery is reliant on a team-based approach, and interprofessional education (IPE) provides a means by which such collaboration skills can be fostered prior to entering the workplace. IPE within healthcare programs has been associated with improved collaborative behavior, patient care and satisfaction, reduced clinical error, and diminished negative professional stereotypes. An intensive interprofessional gross anatomy dissection course was created in 2009 to facilitate IPE at McMaster University. Data were collected from five cohorts over five years to determine the influence of this IPE format on the attitudes and perceptions of students towards other health professions. Each year, 28 students from the medicine, midwifery, nursing, physician's assistant, physiotherapy, and occupational therapy programs were randomly assigned into interprofessional teams for 10 weeks. Sessions involved an anatomy and scope-of-practice presentation, a small-group case-based session, and a dissection. A before/after design measured changes in attitudes and perceptions, while focus group data elaborated on the student experience with the course. Pre- and postmatched data revealed significant improvements in positive professional identity, competency and autonomy, role clarity and attitudes toward other health professions. Qualitative analysis of intraprofessional focus group interviews revealed meaningful improvements in a number of areas including learning anatomy, role clarity, and attitudes towards other health professions.

KEYWORDS:

assessments; gross anatomy education; interprofessional education; medical education; midwifery education; mixed methods; nursing education; occupational therapy education; outcomes; physician's assistant education; physiotherapy education

PMID:
25641912
DOI:
10.1002/ase.1517
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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