Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Pediatr. 2015 Apr;166(4):998-1005.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.12.022. Epub 2015 Jan 29.

Outpatient follow-up visits and readmission in medically complex children enrolled in Medicaid.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO; Children's Outcome Research Program, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO. Electronic address: mark.brittan@childrenscolorado.org.
2
Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO; Children's Outcome Research Program, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO.
3
Children's Outcome Research Program, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the association between postdischarge outpatient follow-up and 30-day readmissions in Medicaid enrolled children with complex, chronic conditions.

STUDY DESIGN:

This was a retrospective cohort analysis of Colorado Medicaid recipients with complex, chronic conditions who were discharged from the hospital between 2006 and 2008. The primary outcome was readmission between 4 and 30 days after index hospital discharge. Using multivariable logistic regression, we examined the association between early postdischarge outpatient visits (≤ 3 days postdischarge) and readmission. We secondarily analyzed the relationship between any outpatient visit from 4 to 29 days of index discharge and readmission.

RESULTS:

For the 2415 patients with complex, chronic conditions included in the analysis, the 4- to 30-day readmission rate was 6.3%. The odds of readmission was significantly greater for patients with ≥ 1 outpatient visit ≤ 3 days after discharge compared with patients without a visit ≤ 3 days after discharge (aOR 1.7 [1.1-2.4]). The odds of readmission were significantly lower for patients with ≥ 1 outpatient visit from 4 to 29 days after discharge compared with patients without such visits (aOR 0.5 [0.3-0.7]). Other factors associated with readmission included index hospital length of stay and number of complex, chronic conditions.

CONCLUSIONS:

In medically complex children, there is a positive association between early postdischarge outpatient follow-up and readmission. There is an inverse association between later postdischarge outpatient follow-up and readmission. Outpatient follow-up occurring within 4-29 days after discharge may help to prevent 30-day readmissions. Additional research is needed to inform guidelines regarding longer term postdischarge outpatient follow-up in these children.

PMID:
25641248
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.12.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center