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Lasers Surg Med. 2015 Mar;47(3):266-72. doi: 10.1002/lsm.22327. Epub 2015 Jan 12.

Optimization of the antimicrobial effect of blue light on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in vitro.

Author information

1
College of Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 53211.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

In previous studies, we showed that irradiation with 405 nm or 470 nm light suppresses up to 92% methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) growth in vitro and that the remaining bacteria re-colonize. In this study, the aim was to develop a protocol that yields 100% MRSA growth suppression.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We cultured 3 × 10(6) and 5 × 10(6) CFU/ml USA300 strain of MRSA and then irradiated each plate with varying fluences of 1-60 J/cm2 of 405 nm or 470 nm light, either once or twice at 6 hours intervals. Next, we plated 7 × 10(6) CFU/ml and irradiated it with 45, 50, 55, or 60 J/cm2 fluence, once, twice, or thrice at the same 6 hours intervals. In a third experiment, the same culture density was irradiated with 0, 165, 180, 220, or 240 J/cm(2) , either once, twice, or thrice.

RESULTS:

Irradiation with either wavelength significantly reduced the bacterial colonies regardless of bacterial density (P < 0.05). At 3 × 10(6) CFU/ml density, nearly 40% and 50% growth of MRSA were suppressed with as little as 3 J/cm2 of 405 nm and 470 nm wavelengths, respectively. Moreover, 100% of the colonies were suppressed with a single exposure to 55 or 60 J/cm2 of 470 nm light or double treatment with 50, 55, or 60 J/cm2 of 405 nm wavelength. At 5 × 10(6) CFU/ml density, irradiating twice with 50, 55, or 60 J/cm2 of either wavelength suppressed bacterial growth completely, lower fluences did not. The denser 7 × 10(6) CFU/ml culture required higher doses to achieve 100% suppression, either one shot with 220 J/cm2 of 470 nm light or two shots of the same dose using 405 nm.

CONCLUSION:

The bactericidal effect of blue light can be optimized to yield 100% bacterial growth suppression, but with relatively high fluences for dense bacterial cultures, such as 7 × 10(6) CFU/ml.

KEYWORDS:

antimicrobial blue light; bacteria suppression; methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; phototherapy

PMID:
25639752
PMCID:
PMC4834034
DOI:
10.1002/lsm.22327
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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