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Rev Bras Hematol Hemoter. 2015 Jan-Feb;37(1):58-62. doi: 10.1016/j.bjhh.2014.11.004. Epub 2014 Nov 21.

Teaching transfusion medicine: current situation and proposals for proper medical training.

Author information

1
Fundação Hemominas, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.
2
Fundação Hemominas, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Electronic address: annaproietti@gmail.com.

Abstract

The current curricula in medical schools and hospital residence worldwide lack exposure to blood transfusion medicine, and require the reformulation of academic programs. In many countries, training in blood transfusion is not currently offered to medical students or during residency. Clinical evidence indicates that blood transfusions occur more frequently than recommended, contributing to increased risk due to this procedure. Therefore, the rational use of blood and its components is essential, due to the frequent undesirable reactions, to the increasing demand of blood products and the cost of the process. Significant improvements in knowledge of and skills in transfusion medicine are needed by both students and residents. Improvements are needed in both background knowledge and the practical application of this knowledge to improve safety. Studies prove that hemovigilance has an impact on transfusion safety and helps to prevent the occurrence of transfusion-related adverse effects. To ensure that all these aspects of blood transfusion are being properly addressed, many countries have instituted hospital transfusion committees. From this perspective, the interventions performed during the formation of medical students and residents, even the simplest, have proven effective in the acquisition of knowledge and medical training, thereby leading to a reduction in inappropriate use of blood. Therefore, we would like to emphasize the importance of the exposure of medical students and residents to blood services and transfusion medicine in order for them to acquire adequate medical training, as well as to discuss some changes in the current medical curricula regarding transfusion medicine that we judge critical.

KEYWORDS:

Advisory committees; Blood safety; Blood transfusion

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