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Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2015 Feb;38:1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.cimid.2015.01.001. Epub 2015 Jan 14.

Prevalence of select vector-borne pathogens in stray and client-owned dogs from Algiers.

Author information

1
École Nationale Supérieure Vétérinaire d'Alger, El Harrach, Alger, Algeria.
2
Université Paris-Est, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort, UMR BIPAR, ENVA, Anses, USC INRA, Avenue du général de Gaulle, F94704 Maisons-Alfort, France; INRA, Maisons-Alfort, France.
3
Université Paris-Est, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort, UMR BIPAR, ENVA, Anses, USC INRA, Avenue du général de Gaulle, F94704 Maisons-Alfort, France.
4
Université Paris-Est, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort, UMR BIPAR, ENVA, Anses, USC INRA, Avenue du général de Gaulle, F94704 Maisons-Alfort, France. Electronic address: hjboulouis@vet-alfort.fr.

Abstract

Data on the prevalence of vector-borne diseases agents infecting canines in Algeria is currently lacking. The purpose of this study is to assess by serological and molecular methods the prevalence of select arthropod borne-bacterial infections in client-owned and stray dogs. Antibodies to Anaplasma phagocytophilum were the most prevalent at 47.7%, followed by Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. at 37.6%, Ehrlichia canis at 30.0%, Bartonella henselae at 32.4% and Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii at 27%. Seroprevalence was statistically significantly higher in stray dogs than those owned by clients. Seropositivity was not associated with health status, except for E. canis. Molecular evaluation indicates that 17.8% of the 213 analyzed dogs were positive for Ehrlichia and Anaplasma with a prevalence of 4.2% for E. canis, 14.1% for Anaplama platys and 0% for A. phagocytophilum. Seven (7.1%) of the tested dogs were positive for Bartonella spp. with two characterized as Bartonella rochalimae, four as B. henselae and one as B.v. subsp. berkhoffii.

KEYWORDS:

Algeria; Anaplasma; Bartonella; Borrelia burgdorferi s.l.; Dog; Ehrlichia; Epidemiology

PMID:
25638478
DOI:
10.1016/j.cimid.2015.01.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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