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Heart Rhythm. 2015 May;12(5):926-36. doi: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2015.01.017. Epub 2015 Jan 28.

Low inappropriate shock rates in patients with single- and dual/triple-chamber implantable cardioverter-defibrillators using a novel suite of detection algorithms: PainFree SST trial primary results.

Author information

1
Fondazione Cardiocentro Ticino, Lugano, Switzerland. Electronic address: angelo.auricchio@cardiocentro.org.
2
The Christ Hospital/The Ohio Heart & Vascular Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.
3
Kinki University School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.
4
Catharina Ziekenhuis, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
5
Medtronic Bakken Research Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
6
Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Connecticut.
7
Prince Salman Heart Centre-King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
8
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
9
Royal Jubilee Hospital, Victoria, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The benefits of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) have been well demonstrated in many clinical trials, and ICD shocks for ventricular tachyarrhythmias save lives. However, inappropriate and unnecessary shock delivery remains a significant clinical issue with considerable consequences for patients and the healthcare system.

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of the PainFree SmartShock Technology (SST) study was to investigate new-generation ICDs to reduce inappropriate and unnecessary shocks through novel discrimination algorithms with modern programming strategies.

METHODS:

This prospective, multicenter clinical trial enrolled 2790 patients with approved indication for ICD implantation (79% male, mean age 65 years; 69% primary prevention indication, 27% single-chamber ICD, 33% replacement or upgrade). Patients were followed for a minimum of 12 months, and mean follow-up was 22 months. The primary end-point of the study was the percentage of patients remaining free of inappropriate shocks at 1 year postimplant, analyzed separately for dual/triple-chamber ICDs (N = 2019) and single-chamber ICDs (N = 751).

RESULTS:

The inappropriate shock rate at 1 year was 1.5% for patients with dual/triple-chamber ICDs and 2.5% for patients with single-chamber devices. Two years postimplant, the inappropriate shock rate was 2.8% for patients with dual-/triple chamber ICDs and 3.7% for those with single-chamber ICDs. The most common cause of an inappropriate shock in both groups was atrial fibrillation or flutter.

CONCLUSION:

In a large patient cohort receiving ICDs for primary or secondary prevention, the adoption of novel enhanced detection algorithms in conjunction with routine implementation of modern programming strategies led to a very low inappropriate shock rate.

KEYWORDS:

Atrial fibrillation; Cardiac resynchronization therapy; Heart failure; Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator; Inappropriate shock

PMID:
25637563
DOI:
10.1016/j.hrthm.2015.01.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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