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Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2015 Apr;107(4):1049-56. doi: 10.1007/s10482-015-0396-4. Epub 2015 Jan 31.

Draconibacterium filum sp. nov., a new species of the genus of Draconibacterium from sediment of the east coast of the Korean Peninsula.

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Department of Microbiology, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, 362-763, Republic of Korea.


A Gram-stain negative, long rod shaped, facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated strain F2(T), was isolated from coastal sediment of the Korean Peninsula. Strain F2(T) was found to grow at 10-40 °C (optimum 30 °C), at pH 6.0-8.5 (optimum pH 7.5) and at 0.0-8.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 3.0 %). Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain F2(T) is closely related to Draconibacterium orientale FH5(T) (with 97.9 % 16S rRNA gene similarity) of the family Prolixibacteraceae of the phylum Bacteroidetes. The major isoprenoid quinone was identified as MK-7 and the main fatty acids as iso-C15:0 (24.1 %), anteiso-C15:0 (15.4 %), C16:0 (10.7 %), iso-C17:0 3-OH (7.6 %) and iso-C16:0 3-OH (5.9 %). The major polar lipids were identified as phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and four unidentified polar lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain F2(T) was determined to be 44.7 mol% and the DNA-DNA relatedness of strain F2(T) with D. orientale DSM 25947(T) was 34.6 ± 4.3 %. Nitrate reduction capability and cell morphology of strain F2(T) are distinct from those of the closest relative, D. orientale DSM 25947(T). Based on these properties, we propose strain F2(T) represents a novel species within the genus Draconibacterium, with the name Draconibacterium filum sp. nov. The type strain of D. filum is F2(T) (=KCTC 32486(T) = JCM 19986(T)).

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