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Diabetes Care. 2015 Mar;38(3):394-402. doi: 10.2337/dc14-2365. Epub 2015 Jan 29.

Initial combination of empagliflozin and linagliptin in subjects with type 2 diabetes.

Author information

1
National Research Institute, Los Angeles, CA.
2
University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX defronzo@uthscsa.edu.
3
Boehringer Ingelheim Ltd., Bracknell, Berkshire, U.K.
4
Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Ridgefield, CT.
5
Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co. KG, Ingelheim, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of empagliflozin/linagliptin in subjects with type 2 diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Subjects not receiving antidiabetes therapy for ≥12 weeks were randomized to empagliflozin 25 mg/linagliptin 5 mg (n = 137), empagliflozin 10 mg/linagliptin 5 mg (n = 136), empagliflozin 25 mg (n = 135), empagliflozin 10 mg (n = 134), or linagliptin 5 mg (n = 135) for 52 weeks. The primary end point was change from baseline in HbA1c at week 24.

RESULTS:

Mean HbA1c at baseline was 7.99-8.05% (64 mmol/mol). At week 24, adjusted mean (SE) changes from baseline in HbA1c with empagliflozin 25 mg/linagliptin 5 mg, empagliflozin 10 mg/linagliptin 5 mg, empagliflozin 25 mg, empagliflozin 10 mg, and linagliptin 5 mg were -1.08 (0.06)% (-11.8 [0.7] mmol/mol), -1.24 (0.06)% (-13.6 [0.7] mmol/mol), -0.95 (0.06)% (-10.4 [0.7] mmol/mol), -0.83 (0.06)% (-9.1 [0.7] mmol/mol), and -0.67 (0.06)% (-7.3 [0.7] mmol/mol), respectively. Reductions in HbA1c were significantly greater for empagliflozin 25 mg/linagliptin 5 mg compared with linagliptin 5 mg (P < 0.001) but not compared with empagliflozin 25 mg and were significantly greater for empagliflozin 10 mg/linagliptin 5 mg compared with the individual components (P < 0.001 for both). At week 24, 55.4%, 62.3%, 41.5%, 38.8%, and 32.3% of subjects with baseline HbA1c ≥7% (≥53 mmol/mol) reached HbA1c <7% with empagliflozin 25 mg/linagliptin 5 mg, empagliflozin 10 mg/linagliptin 5 mg, empagliflozin 25 mg, empagliflozin 10 mg, and linagliptin 5 mg, respectively. Efficacy was maintained at week 52. The proportion of subjects with adverse events (AEs) over 52 weeks was similar across groups (68.9-81.5%), with no confirmed hypoglycemic AEs.

CONCLUSIONS:

Reductions from baseline in HbA1c with empagliflozin/linagliptin were significantly different versus linagliptin and empagliflozin 10 mg but not versus empagliflozin 25 mg. Empagliflozin/linagliptin was well tolerated.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01422876.

PMID:
25633662
DOI:
10.2337/dc14-2365
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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