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Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2016 Jul;33(6):555-60. doi: 10.1177/1049909115569048. Epub 2015 Jan 27.

Distress Reduction for Palliative Care Patients and Families With 5-Minute Mindful Breathing: A Pilot Study.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya Medical Centre, Lembah Pantai, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia pramudita_1@hotmail.com.
2
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya Medical Centre, Lembah Pantai, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
3
Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya Medical Centre, Lembah Pantai, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
4
Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya Medical Centre, Lembah Pantai, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Abstract

A pilot study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of 5-minute mindful breathing in distress reduction. Twenty palliative care patients and family caregivers with a distress score ≥4 measured by the Distress Thermometer were recruited and randomly assigned to mindful breathing or "listening" (being listened to). Median distress reductions after 5 minutes were 2.5 for the mindful breathing group and 1.0 for the listening group. A significantly larger reduction in the distress score was observed in the mindful breathing group (Mann-Whitney U test: U = 8.0, n1 = n2 = 10, mean rank1 = 6.30, mean rank2 = 14.70, z = -3.208, P = .001). The 5-minute mindful breathing could be useful in distress reduction in palliative care.

KEYWORDS:

distress; mindful breathing; mindfulness; palliative care; psychosocial care; suffering

PMID:
25632044
DOI:
10.1177/1049909115569048
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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