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Iran J Cancer Prev. 2012 Spring;5(2):81-6.

Reduction of deterministic thinking among cancer patients as a new method to increase psychosocial adjustments.

Author information

1
Dept. of Counseling, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Deterministic thinking is one of the major cognitive distortions. This type of thinking ignores any possibility in making a conclusion about events. Any consequence of an event may be thought as: 2×2= 4. Equality is a dominant factor among all conclusions of this kind of distortion. Distortion emerges in cognitive rigidity in the mind and could be the source of all distortions. Cognitive rigidity is a main reason for depression and other psychosocial maladjustments.

METHODS:

Challenging distortion was discussed as a new method for improving psychological conditions of cancer patients. Adapting the cultural base of the method, distortion is explained as a destructive factor which ruins the balance of fear and hope, the two important signs of faith in Islamic perspective.

RESULTS:

The consequence of challenging distortion to reduce depression and anxiety has been explained based on the Islamic Culture.

CONCLUSION:

For the first time, in this study, it was proposed that how this method can be used in the treatment of psychological disorders of cancer patients.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; Cognitive therapy; Depression; Neoplasm

PMID:
25628825
PMCID:
PMC4299623

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